Thomas More (1478-1535)

Thomas More was born in London in 1478. He was a well-educated man. He studied in Oxford, knew Latin and started his life as a lawyer. Being the first English Humanist Thomas More was extremely interested in the reasons of the social evil. He was an active-minded man. He wrote the articles on social and political subjects. Thomas More worked in the Parliament during the reign of Henry VII (1485-1509), but he wasn’t liked by the Pope and the priests on account of his progressive political views. In the reign of Henry VIII (1509-1547) Thomas More was made Lord Chancellor, because Henry VIII quarrelled with the Pope and gathered around himself all the enemies of the Head of the Catholic Church. Thomas More was one of them. But very soon he fell a victim to the king’s anger, because he was against the king’s absolute power. Thomas More was also against the Pope’s power in England. Both were the reasons why Thomas More was arrested and thrown into prison, to Tower, where he was beheaded in 1535.

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