Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834)

Samuel Taylor Coleridge was born in Devonshire in 1772. His father was a priest and wanted his son to follow his deed. Coleridge was educated at Cambridge, but he graduated from the University without taking a degree. Nevertheless, Coleridge was one of the most educated men of his time, because he was a voracious reader. Inspired by the French Revolution, he began writing both political and lyrical poetry:

All thoughts, all passions, ail delights,

Whatever stirs this mortal frame,

All are but ministers of Love,

And feed his sacred flame.


And there upon the moss she sits,

The Dark Ladie in silent pain;

The heavy tear is in her eye,

And drops and swells again.

Three times he sends her little page

Up the castled mountain’s breast,

If he might find the knight that wears

The Griffin for his crest.

The Ballad of the Dark Ladie”

The lovely lady Christabel,

Whom her father loves so well,

What makes her in the wood so late,

A furlong from the castle gate?

She had dreams all yesternights

Of her own betrothed knight;

And she in the midnight wood will pray

For the weal of her lover that’s far away.


Coleridge spent a long time in the beautiful Lake country in the North of England. In 1799 he lived in Germany, studying German literature and philosophy. He became not only a romantic poet but also a philosopher and literary critic.

On return Coleridge lost his faith in Revolution and started contributions to conservative press, his poetic talent began rapidly destroyed. More than that, his marriage was unfortunate and he became an opium addict.

Most of Coleridge’s poetry and his literary criticism Lectures on Shakespeare and Other Poets” greatly influenced the English Literature of the beginning of the 19th century.

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