Jane Austen (1775-1817)

Jane Austen was the most well-known lady-novelist of those times. She possessed a vivid imagination and a great sense of humour to point out the most emotional moments of life. Her inner monologue proved her critical insight and her insentimental comprehension of the actions and feelings of a selfish society.

Jane Austen was born at Stevenson (Hampshire) in a middle-class family. The life of middle-class provincial society was a basis on which her imagination might create a vivid representation of calm pictures of society life. Jane started with short stories and parodies on the different authors. Then she began writing the novels of family life quite familiar to her. She understood the importance of the family in human affairs. Her interest was in emotion and the characters’ behaviour. Even the titles of her books reflected the psychological basis of her manner of writing: “Sense and Sensibility” (1811), “Pride and Prejudice” (1813), “Persuasion” (1816) — her last novel where Jane’s own love affairs were reflected and described.

In her novel “Emma” (1816) Jane Austen tells the story of Emma Woodhouse, a rich and beautiful girl, who is fond of arranging other people’s lives. She helps Robert Martin, a local farmer, to marry a young talented girl, Harriet Smith.

Jane Austen brought the novel of family life to its highest peak. She wrote her books in difficult years, nevertheless, the ugliness of the outside world didn’t touch the beauty and quietude of the inner world of her novels.

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